職場英文-請假 How to Ask for Time Off

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課程內容介紹  難度 ★☆☆☆☆

根據請假的內容不同,所使用到的英文也會也所不同,在本課程中會有各種請假相關的英文用法。

預期學習成果

學會如何以英文請假。

各堂課程簡介

總計:1-2 堂課(每堂課 27分鐘)

Lesson 1 and 2
– Ask for time off

教師介紹

 

課程教材參考

How to Ask for Time off

Annual leave 帶薪年假 (=paid vacation)

Useful phrases

I want to take annual leave.

My possible dates are from May 10 through[1] May 15

The dates I’m looking at (or considering) are Oct 10 through maybe Oct 31….?

I’d like to ask for leave starting…(Oct 10 through Oct 15)

I’m taking annual leave next week.

Jessie asked for leave for two days and the manager just granted her leave.

 

Scenario

You:                 Sir, um, I would like to ask for leave starting next Monday through Wednesday.

The BOSS:        Well, good for you. Who’s covering for you while you’re gone?

You:                 Cindy will be my substitute.

The BOSS:        Okay. You need to fill out a leave request form by the end of today[2].

 

Example – Auto-reply when you’re away from the office

Thanks for your email.

I will be out of the office from mm/dd to mm/dd.

If you have any questions, please contact Cindy at Cindy@somewhere.com.

Sorry for any inconvenience.

 

I am currently OoO[3] with limited access to email.

I will be back on May 31, 2020. Please refer all urgent matters to Cindy at the following email address [Cindy@somewhere.com]

I’m currently away from the office until mm/dd with limited / no access to email. If your request is urgent, please contact Cindy at Cindy@somewhere.com or 02-12345678.

Our office is closed today due to a national holiday. I will be back in the office tomorrow and will reply to your email as soon as possible.

 

Sick leave病假

Useful phrases

I don’t feel well. I think I’m going to call in sick. (打電話請假)

I am calling/writing to let you know that I need to take one day (or today) off.

Unfortunately, I got the flu / I got a very bad cold.

 

Scenario

Teacher:          Is Cindy not in today?

You:                She called in sick this morning.

You:                She is taking sick leave. / She is taking a day off.

 

Exercise – describe your discomforts

I caught a cold / the flu (influenza).

I am feeling sick / ill.

I have been coughing / sneezing.

I have a headache

I have a runny nose and a sore throat.

I have a stuffy nose.

I have a fever/ have a temperature.

I have diarrhea.

I’m feeling a little dizzy. 頭暈

I’m feeling a little nauseated. 噁心

I feel like I’m gonna vomit / puke / throw up. 想吐

My stomach / belly / tummy is not feeling so well.

I’ve been having severe chest pain.

I had food poisoning from that undercooked chicken I ate on vacation.

Personal leave事假

Useful phrases

I was on leave for two days for personal reasons.

I had two personal days off.

Scenario

BOSS:       What can I do for you Jason?

Jason:     I need to request some time off.

BOSS:     Is everything OK? I hope that it’s not a family emergency.

Jason:     No, it’s nothing like that. In fact, it’s good news. I’m getting married.

BOSS:     If I recall correctly, you’ve already used up all of your vacation time for this year, though.

Jason:     I know, I’ll have to take these days as unpaid leave.

Jason:     I wanted to give you advance notice and get your permission beforehand.

BOSS:     Well, I don’t think this will be a problem.

BOSS:     Fill out the necessary paperwork, and I’ll sign it when it’s ready.

 

Pop Quiz

Example – ask for sick leave by sending your boss email

I woke up with a bad headache / fever.

As a result, I need to take a sick day.

Hopefully I can be back in the office by tomorrow.

I’ll let you know if anything changes. Thank you for understanding.


Exercise – call in sick when you find your stomach is not feeling so well.

Some others…(for reference)

Emergency leave 因急事暫離工作崗位

Personal leave 扣薪事假

Marital leave = marriage leave 婚假

Maternity leave (ma = mama) 產假

Linda will be away for two months on maternity leave.

Paternity leave (pa = papa) 陪產假

Jack will be on paternity leave for two weeks.

Bereavement leave (AE) 喪假 compassionate leave (BE)

Parental leave 育嬰留停

Leave of absence 留職停薪 (=leave without pay)

He wanted to apply for leave of absence for travelling around the world.

suspension without pay 停職停薪

unpaid leave / unpaid vacation 無薪假

Due to the recession, a lot of employees were forced to take unpaid vacation.

[1] What’s the difference between “from…to…” and “from…through…”?

British English: “I work from Monday to Friday”

American English: “I work from Monday through Friday”

[2] End of day (EOD), end of business (EOB), close of business (COB), close of play (COP) or end of play (EOP) is the end of the trading day in financial markets, the point when trading ceases.

[3] OoO = Out of Office; PTO = Paid Time Off

*本課程為推廣課程,教材為完全免費使用,點選以下 PDF 圖示連結可直接下載教材。

 

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